The create command creates a new PDF file with the contents created from one or more input files containing graphics commands.

mutool create [-o output.pdf] [-O options] page1.txt [page2.txt ...]

If no output file is specified, it will write the created PDF to "out.pdf" in the current directory.

The -O argument is a comma separated list of options for writing the PDF file:

decompress
Decompress all object streams.
compress
Compress all object streams.
compress-fonts
Compress object streams for embedded fonts.
compress-images
Compress object streams for images.
ascii
Encode object streams using ASCII hex encoding.
pretty
Pretty-print objects with indentation.
linearize
Optimize document for progressive loading in viewers.
sanitize
Clean up graphics command in content streams.
garbage[=compact|deduplicate]
Garbage collect unused objects. With compact the cross-reference table will also be compacted. With deduplicate duplicate objects will also be recombined.

A page is created for each input file, with the contents of the file copied into the content stream. Special comments in the input files are parsed to define the page dimensions and font and image resources:

%%MediaBox 0 0 500 800
%%Rotate 90
%%Image Im0 path/to/image.png

Font resources can be created by either giving the name of a standard PDF font, or by giving the path to a font file. If a third argument is present and either "Greek" or "Cyrillic" the font will be encoded using ISO 8859-7 or KOI8-U, respectively.

%%Font Tm Times-Roman
%%Font TmG Times-Roman Greek
%%Font TmC Times-Roman Cyrillic
%%Font Fn0 path/to/font/file.ttf
%%Font Fn1 path/to/font/file.ttf Cyrillic

CJK fonts can also be created by passing a code for one of the 4 CID orderings: CN, TW, JP, or KR (Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean). A font file will not be embedded, so a PDF viewer will use a substitute font.

%%CJKFont Batang KR
%%CJKFont Mincho JP
%%CJKFont Ming TW
%%CJKFont Song CN

An example input file:

%%MediaBox 0 0 595 842
%%Font TmRm Times-Roman
%%Font Helv-C Helvetica Cyrillic
%%Font Helv-G Helvetica Greek
%%CJKFont Song CN
%%CJKFont Mincho JP
%%CJKFont Batang KR
%%Image I0 logo/mupdf-simplified-logo.png

% Draw an image.
q
480 0 0 480 50 250 cm
/I0 Do
Q

% Draw a triangle.
q
1 0 0 rg
50 50 m
100 200 l
200 50 l
f
Q

% Show some text.
q
0 0 1 rg
BT /TmRm 24 Tf 50 760 Td (Hello, world!) Tj ET
BT /Helv-C 24 Tf 50 730 Td  Tj ET
BT /Helv-G 24 Tf 50 700 Td  Tj ET
BT /Song 24 Tf 50 670 Td <4F60 597D> Tj ET
BT /Mincho 24 Tf 50 640 Td <3053 3093 306b 3061 306f> Tj ET
BT /Batang 24 Tf 50 610 Td  Tj ET
Q